Mango Varieties: India alone has 283 types of mangoes.

Mango is an English name originated from Malayalam word “Mangga”. Mango is considered to be king of fruits in Asia especially in India.

Mango is the national fruit of India as it symbolizes “life” as per Indian belief.

It is believed, the mango was first cultivated somewhere in South Asia 4000 years ago. India alone had produced 19.5 million tons mangoes in 2017 and hold the first position in the production of mango.

 Mango is a very nutritious fruit. It contains important vitamins, mineral and other substances like fiber, antioxidant, etc. It has many health benefits from constipation to brain health.

Apart from the nutritious, mango has a delicious and luscious taste. So, it is the most consumable fruits worldwide as well as India.

Interestingly, mango has many varieties. All types of mango are different in taste, size, and weight.

 Top 11 Mango Varieties in India

  • Alphonso Mango: ( Hapuz or Hafoos or Aapoos)

alphonsos mango Hapuz,Hafoos or Aapoos

 

Alphonso mango:- Alphonso mango also known as Hapuz, Hafoos or Aapoos. This mango is considered to be king of mango because of its rich flavor, delicious taste and maintained sweetness.

Alphonso mango developed by first Portuguese after his arrival to India. Konkan, Maharastra, and Goa was the first place of India where Alphonso mango was introduced after the Portuguese colony ( Portuguese colony was set up by Portuguese to stay in India).

Alphonso mango is the most expensive varieties of mango.

Major producing city of Alphonso mangos is, Ratnagiri, Konkan, Sindhugurg, and Konkan.

  • Badami:

badami south indian alphanso mango

Badami mango is very much similar to Alphonso, So it also called Alphonso of Karnataka. Badami mango has a very delicious taste. It is a bit expensive.

  • Chaunsa:

chaunsa mango nutritious varieties of mango

 

Chaunsa is a very famous variety of mango, originated in Bihar. Afghan Emperor Sher Shah Suri made it famous. He termed “Chaunsa” after defeating Humayun (A Mughal Emperor) at Chaunsa (Buxar-1539 ).

Chaunsa mango has sweet smelling and great taste. It is full of nutrition except for fiber, which makes it the most popular mango in the world.

  • Dasheri:

dashari up mango

 Dasheri mango is another very popular varieties of mango grown in India. Its origin is Dasheri, near Kakori, UP(India). Actually, it was first cultivated* at the orchard of Nawab Mohammad Ansar Zaidi around 200 years ago. Dasheri mango has a very delicious taste as well as the aroma.

  • Langra:

langra vanarasi malda up mango

Name given to varieties of mangos grown in India has a historical connection.

“Langra” a superior varieties of mango origin is Varanasi.

I mean mother tree of this variety exists in Varanasi. Interestingly the owner of that tree was lame, the mango was so termed Langra.

  • Baiganpalli:

benishan baigan palli south indian mango

Baiganapalle also known,Banginapalli, Safeda, and Benishan.

This variety of mangos grown mainly in Andhra Pradesh. Benishan is a name given after the Nawab of Banganpalle.

  • Neelam:

neelam south indian mango

Neelam mango looks very good. It has good aroma and scent. Neelam is much famous mango in Hyderabad. Although it is grown in many parts of India as well as Pakistan

Amrapali Mango:

great taste amrapali mango

Amrapali is also a great variety of mango. It was developed at the start of the eighteen century as a hybrid variety of Dasheri and Neelum. Amrapali contains three times more beta carotene than other types of mango.

Mulgoba mango:

mulgoba south indian tamilnadu mango

 

Malgova is mainly grown in South India, especially in Tamilnadu. It is a very important mango cultivar, full of nutrition, great in taste. Malgova is also known as Malgoa. Malgova is considered to be one of the finest types of mango cultivar.

Bombay Mango:

bombay mango

Bombay mango was originated in Jamaica. Actually, seeds were taken there from India and developed this finest mango cultivar in the 19th century. Luckily this variety of mango became very famous because of its flavor and taste.

Gir Kesar or Kesar Mango:

kesar saurashtra gujrati mango

Gir Kesar mango is also an expensive variety of mango in India. It is grown mainly in Gujrat( Saurashtra region). Gir Kesar mango was first grown in 1931. Gir Kesar is the second mango variety registered with GI(geographical indication).

You can go through following tables for deeper details of each state Mango Production and Types.

How many varieties of mango are there in India?

There are 283 types of mango in India alone. But only 30 out of 283 types of mangos are well known.

  1. Alphonso
  2. Amrapali
  3. Badami
  4. Chaunsa
  5. Cherukurasamu
  6. Chinnarasamu
  7. ChokAnan
  8. Dasheri
  9. Dudhiya Malda
  10. Gir Kesar
  11. Himayat / Imam Pasand
  12. Himsagar
  13. Julie
  14. Kalepad
  15. Katchamitha
  16. Kothapalli
  17. Kobbari
  18. Lakshmanbhog
  19. Langra
  20. Mallika
  21. Manohar
  22. Mulgoba
  23. Neelam
  24. Panakalu
  25. Panchadharakalasa
  26. Peddarasamu
  27. Raspuri
  28. Sammar Bahisht
  29. Swarnarekha
  30. Totapuri
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State Wise: Mangoes Variety in India

India is divided in states, mostly state produce mango.

Following table will give you better idea.

StateVarieties grown
Andhra Pradesh Allumpur Baneshan, Banganapalli, Bangalora, Cherukurasam, Himayuddin, Suvernarekha, Neelum, Totapuri
BiharBathua, Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Sukul, Gulab Khas, Zardalu, Langra, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli
GoaFernandin, Mankurad
GujaratAlphonso, Kesar, Rajapuri, Vanraj, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelum, Dashehari, Langra
HaryanaDashehari, Langra, Sarauli, Chausa, Fazli
Himachal PradeshChausa, Dashehari, Langra
JharkhandJardalu, Amrapalli, Mallika, Bombai, Langra, Himsagar, Chausa, Gulabkhas
KarnatakaAlphonso, Bangalora, Mulgoa, Neelum, Pairi, Baganapalli, Totapuri
KeralaMundappa, Olour, Pairi
Madhya PradeshAlphonso, Bombay Green, Langra, Sunderja, Dashehari, Fazli, Neelum, Amrapalli, Mallika
MaharashtraAlphonso, Mankurad, Mulgoa, Pairi, Rajapuri, Kesar, Gulabi, Vanraj
OrissaBaneshan, Langra, Neelum, Suvarnarekha, Amrapalli, Mallika
PunjabDashehari, Langra, Chausa, Malda
RajasthanBombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Langra
Tamil NaduBanganapalli, Bangalora, Neelum, Rumani, Mulgoa, Alphonso, Totapuri
Uttar PradeshBombay Green, Dashehari, Langra, Safeda Lucknow, Chausa, Fazli
West BengalBombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Langra, Fazli, Gulabkhas, Amrapalli, Mallika

Nutrient Facts of Mango: Raw Mango

Serving Size 100 gm

NutrientAmountUnit
Calories60kcal
Fat0.38g
Protein0.82g
Carbohydrate14.98g
Fructose4.68g
Sucrose6.97g
Glucose (dextrose)2.01g
Hexadecenoic acid0.067g
Tocotrienol, alpha0.03mg
Tocotrienol, beta0.01mg
Tocopherol, beta0.01mg
Tocopherol, gamma0.01mg
Sugars13.66g
Vitamin B60.119mg
Folate43mcg
Pantothenic acid0.197mg
Fiber1.6g
Vitamin A1082IU
Copper, Cu0.111mg
Selenium, Se0.6mcg
Octadecadienoic acid0.019g
Manganese, Mn0.063mg
Choline7.6mg
Zinc, Zn0.09mg
Calcium, Ca11mg
Iron, Fe0.16mg
Magnesium, Mg10mg
Phosphorus, P14mg
Potassium, K168mg
Sodium, Na1mg
Serine0.035g
Monounsaturated fatty acids0.14g
Polyunsaturated fatty acids0.071g
Arginine0.031g
Valine0.042g
Alanine0.082g
Histidine0.019g
Glutamic acid0.096g
Aspartic acid0.068g
Proline0.029g
Glycine0.034g
Lutein + zeaxanthin23mcg
Cryptoxanthin, beta10mcg
Lycopene3mcg
Water83.46g
Niacin0.669mg
Riboflavin0.038mg
Thiamin0.028mg
Phenylalanine0.027g
Tyrosine0.016g
Methionine0.008g
Leucine0.05g
Lysine0.066g
Threonine0.031g
Isoleucine0.029g
Tryptophan0.013g
Vitamin C36.4mg
Saturated fatty acids0.092g
Carotene, alpha9mcg
Vitamin E0.9mg
Vitamin A, RAE54mcg
Carotene, beta640mcg
Octadecatrienoic acid0.051g
Ash0.36g
Tetradecanoic acid0.013g
Hexadecanoic acid0.072g
Dodecanoic acid0.001g
Octadecenoic acid0.075g
Octadecanoic acid0.004g
Folate, DFE43mcg
Folate, food43mcg
Vitamin K4.2mcg
Tocopherol, alpha0.9mg

Now, you are aware of mango is loaded with important nutrition. How does mango affect your health?

Let us know, mango benefits.

Health benefits of mango:

mango health benefits

 

 

  • Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber, and interestingly mango is a great source of pectin that helps to lower cholesterol levels in your body. A recent study tells, pectin could prevent the development of cancer. Polyphenols in mango have a chemotherapeutic potential against breast cancer as per the study of Texas A&M University.
  • Vitamin A is very important for overall eye health and vision. Beta carotene is also called Provitamin A. Mango is a good source of Beta carotene.
  • Mango also helps regulate digestion. As it contains some very important substances like esters, terpenes, and aldehydes. Mango increases appetite and keeps your digestive system healthy.
  • Mango helps cure acne. Mango contains skin friendly vitamin a and c. You can include it in your diet or simple apply (pulp) on your affected area for 10 minutes, then wash off.
  • Mango contains potassium, magnesium, selenium, calcium, iron and phosphorous. These important mineral helps maintain blood pressure and keeps your body healthy.
  • Mango boost immunity power as mango contains a good amount of Vitamin C.
  • People with diabetes need not worry about eating yummy mango. Yes, article published on the US national library of medicine national institute of health clearly suggests supplementing with mango for 12 weeks can reduce blood sugar level in obese adult. It further says fiber in mango good in promoting normal blood sugar.
  • Vitamin B6 is a very important micronutrient that needed to proper brain function. Mango is loaded with vitamin b6 too.